The Chronology of the Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ
What is the biblically accruate chronology of Jesus Christ’s crucifixion and resurrection?
Jesus Christ ate an evening Passover meal with His disciples and instituted the New Covenant symbols (Matthew:26:26-28
). Jesus was then betrayed by Judas, arrested and during the night brought before the high priest.
Jesus died around 3 p.m. (Matthew:27:46-50
). This was the preparation day for the annual, not weekly, Sabbath, which began at sunset (Mark:15:42; Luke:23:54;John:19:31). Jesus’ body was placed in the tomb just before sunset (Matthew:27:57-60
Sunset Wednesday to sunset Thursday was the high-day Sabbath, the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (John:19:31; Leviticus:23:4-7
). It is described as the day after the “Day of Preparation” (Matthew:27:62). Thursday just before sunset marked the first full night and day Jesus was in the tomb.
The high-day Sabbath now past as of sunset Thursday, the women bought and prepared spices for anointing Jesus’ body before resting on the weekly Sabbath day, which began at Friday sunset (Mark:16:1; Luke:23:56). Friday just before sunset marked the second full night and day Jesus was in the tomb.
The women rested on the weekly Sabbath, according to the Fourth Commandment (Luke:23:56; Exodus:20:8-11
). Jesus rose near sunset, exactly three days and three nights after His burial, fulfilling the sign of Jonah and authenticating the sign He gave of His messiahship.
The women brought the spices early in the morning while it was still dark (Luke:24:1;John:20:1), finding that Jesus had already risen (Matthew:28:1-6
; John:20:1). He did not rise on Sunday morning, but near sunset the day before.